Statistic Norfolk Virginia National
Population 244,300 8,535,519 328,239,523
Population density (sq mi) 4,586 218 91
Median age 30.8 37.8 37.7
Male/Female ratio 1.1:1 1.0:1 1.0:1
Married (15yrs & older) 41% 57% 55%
Families w/ Kids under 18 45% 44% 43%
Speak English 89% 84% 79%
Speak Spanish 5% 7% 13%

Overview of Norfolk Demographics

Norfolk demographics provide invaluable insights into the composition, dynamics and needs of urban and rural areas, enabling them to plan, develop, and govern in ways that promote prosperity, equity and well-being for all residents. The Norfolk population is 244,300 and has a population density of 4,586 people per square mile, compared to the national average of 91. The median age of all residents is 30.8, 41% of people 15 years of age or older are married and 45% have kids under the age of 18. In Norfolk, 23% of households have a median income that is below $25,000 and 14% of households report a median income above $150,000.

Norfolk Racial Demographics & Ethnicity

Recognizing the racial demographics and ethnicity breakdown of Norfolk is pivotal for addressing systemic inequities, championing social justice and inclusion and fostering resilient communities. In Norfolk, the racial breakdown comprises 46.3% White, 40.6% Black or African American, 3.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, and 0.1% Native Hawaiian, with 8.4% of the population identifying as Hispanic or Latino. 89.4% of households reported speaking English only, while 5.1% reported speaking Spanish only. Furthermore, 7.3% of residents were categorized as foreign-born.

Norfolk Population Density

High population density areas typically offer a diverse array of amenities and services within walking distance or a short commute, enriching residents' quality of life and well-being. Accessible healthcare facilities, educational institutions, cultural venues, restaurants, shopping and public transportation options contribute to the convenience and vibrancy of these communities. The population density of of Norfolk is 4,586 people per square mile, which far exceeds the national average of 91 and ranks among the most densely populated cities in the nation.

Why are Demographics Important?

Social Cohesion: The analysis and understanding of demographics are essential for promoting social cohesion and fostering appreciation among diverse communities. By embracing and acknowledging differences in Norfolk demographics, societies can promote inclusivity, diversity and social harmony while addressing social inequalities and advocating for equal opportunities. Racial demographics can reflect the diversity within a population and are instrumental in fostering inclusive and welcoming communities. Embracing ethnic diversity strengthens social connections, promotes cultural understanding and enriches society by celebrating the contributions of individuals from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds.

Policy Planning: Demographic data and statistics serve as valuable tools for guiding policy and decision-making processes across government entities, organizations, and businesses. Through the analysis and interpretation of Norfolk demographics, policymakers, government officials and organizational leaders can identify areas requiring attention, allocate resources strategically and develop policies and initiatives that cater to the unique needs and preferences of various demographic groups. Norfolk demographic statistics can play a critical role in policy planning by informing resource allocation, enabling evidence-based decision-making, identifying priority areas, forecasting future trends, monitoring policy outcomes and fostering equity and inclusivity. By harnessing this data effectively, policymakers can craft policies that are targeted, efficient and equitable, thereby addressing the diverse needs of communities.

Education Allocation: Utilizing census data like Norfolk demographics can be useful in guiding education planning, as it helps identify student demographics, school enrollment trends and educational needs. This data assists schools and policymakers in allocating resources and devising effective educational programs. It serves as a vital tool for recognizing disparities in educational access and outcomes among various demographic groups, including racial and ethnic minorities, socio-economic status and students with disabilities. By disaggregating data based on demographic factors, education planners can pinpoint areas of inequity and implement targeted interventions to enhance access, support and outcomes for marginalized students. In essence, Norfolk demographic statistics can play an indispensable role in education by promoting equity, bolstering student success and cultivating inclusive learning environments tailored to meet the needs of all students.

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Demographics Quick Facts

  • The population density in Norfolk is 2004% higher than Virginia
  • The median age in Norfolk is 19% lower than Virginia
  • In Norfolk 46.32% of the population is White
  • In Norfolk 40.59% of the population is Black
  • In Norfolk 3.67% of the population is Asian

Compare Norfolk, VA Demographics


      Norfolk racial demographics

      Race Norfolk Virginia National
      White 46.32% 68.75% 73.35%
      Black 40.59% 19.21% 12.63%
      Asian 3.67% 6.05% 5.22%
      American Indian 0.30% 0.26% 0.82%
      Native Hawaiian 0.08% 0.07% 0.18%
      Mixed race 5.90% 3.37% 3.06%
      Other race 3.15% 2.30% 4.75%
      In Norfolk, 8.4% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
      Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

      Household income distribution

      Place of birth by citizenship

      Norfolk age breakdown

      Marital status

      Age of children in married couples

      Source: The Norfolk, VA demographics data displayed above is derived from the United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).