Statistic Ann Arbor Michigan National
Population 121,093 9,986,857 328,239,523
Population density (sq mi) 4,294 178 91
Median age 27.5 39.5 37.7
Male/Female ratio 1.0:1 1.0:1 1.0:1
Married (15yrs & older) 37% 55% 55%
Families w/ Kids under 18 38% 41% 43%
Speak English 77% 91% 79%
Speak Spanish 3% 3% 13%

Overview of Ann Arbor Demographics

Understanding the demographics of Ann Arbor is essential for gaining insights into the composition, dynamics and needs of any city, town or village. This knowledge empowers planners, developers and policymakers to strategize effectively, promoting prosperity, equity and well-being for all residents. The Ann Arbor population is 121,093, with a population density of 4,294 people per square mile, diverging from the national average of 91. The median age is 27.5, and 37% of individuals aged 15 or older are married, while 38% have children under 18. As far as income equality in Ann Arbor, 22% of households have a median income below $25,000, whereas 27% report an income exceeding $150,000, indicating a varied economic landscape within the area.

Ann Arbor Racial Demographics & Ethnicity

Recognizing the racial demographics and ethnicity breakdown of Ann Arbor is pivotal for addressing systemic inequities, championing social justice and inclusion and fostering resilient communities. In Ann Arbor, the racial breakdown comprises 69.5% White, 7% Black or African American, 17.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, and 0.1% Native Hawaiian, with 4.6% of the population identifying as Hispanic or Latino. 77.4% of households reported speaking English only, while 2.7% reported speaking Spanish only. Furthermore, 19.7% of residents were categorized as foreign-born.

Ann Arbor Population Density

In areas with high population density, residents enjoy a wealth of amenities and services conveniently located within walking distance or a short commute. Access to healthcare facilities, educational institutions, cultural venues, dining options, retail stores and public transit enhances residents' quality of life and overall well-being. Ann Arbor has a population density of 4,294 people per square mile, which far exceeds the national average of 91 and ranks among the most densely populated cities in the country.

Why are Demographics Important?

Education Allocation: Education planning benefits significantly from Ann Arbor demographic information, which helps identify student demographics, school enrollment trends, and educational needs. This data assists schools and policymakers in allocating resources effectively and devising impactful educational programs. It serves as a vital tool for recognizing disparities in educational access and outcomes among diverse demographic groups, including racial and ethnic minorities, socio-economic status, and students with disabilities. By disaggregating data based on demographic factors, education planners can pinpoint areas of inequity and implement targeted interventions to improve access, support, and outcomes for marginalized students. Ultimately, Ann Arbor demographic data is essential in education for advancing equity, fostering student success, and cultivating inclusive learning environments tailored to meet the needs of all students.

Urban Development: By leveraging demographic data in Ann Arbor, urban planners can tailor areas to meet the needs of any resident across housing, transportation and public services, all while fostering sustainability and elevating quality of life. Demographic changes can fuel gentrification and neighborhood transformation, whether in urban or rural settings. As neighborhoods attract newcomers with varying income levels and lifestyle preferences, property values may appreciate, potentially displacing established residents and reshaping the neighborhood's fabric. A nuanced understanding of population density, age distribution, household size and income levels is pivotal for guiding decisions on zoning, transportation infrastructure, housing development and public amenities. Utilizing the demographic data in planning and implementing affordable housing initiatives can help mitigate displacement risks and promote inclusive communities.

Policy Planning: Demographic data and statistics serve as vital tools for informing policy and decision-making processes across various levels of government, as well as within organizations and businesses. Through the reporting and analysis of demographic data, policymakers, government officials, and organizational leaders can pinpoint areas of need, allocate resources efficiently, and craft tailored policies and programs to address the unique needs and priorities of different demographic groups. The utilization of demographic data in Ann Arbor is instrumental in policy planning, facilitating resource allocation, evidence-based decision-making, priority identification, trend forecasting, policy impact assessment, and the promotion of equity and inclusion. By harnessing this data effectively, policymakers can devise targeted, impactful, and inclusive policies that cater to the diverse needs of communities.

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Demographics Quick Facts

  • The population density in Ann Arbor is 2312% higher than Michigan
  • The median age in Ann Arbor is 30% lower than Michigan
  • In Ann Arbor 69.52% of the population is White
  • In Ann Arbor 7.01% of the population is Black
  • In Ann Arbor 17.40% of the population is Asian

Compare Ann Arbor, MI Demographics


      Ann Arbor racial demographics

      Race Ann Arbor Michigan National
      White 69.52% 78.89% 73.35%
      Black 7.01% 13.89% 12.63%
      Asian 17.40% 2.79% 5.22%
      American Indian 0.29% 0.53% 0.82%
      Native Hawaiian 0.05% 0.03% 0.18%
      Mixed race 4.73% 2.74% 3.06%
      Other race 1.00% 1.12% 4.75%
      In Ann Arbor, 4.6% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
      Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

      Household income distribution

      Place of birth by citizenship

      Ann Arbor age breakdown

      Marital status

      Age of children in married couples

      Source: The Ann Arbor, MI demographics data displayed above is derived from the United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).