Statistic Rochester Minnesota National
Population 117,134 5,639,632 328,239,523
Population density (sq mi) 2,107 72 91
Median age 35.9 37.8 37.7
Male/Female ratio 1.0:1 1.0:1 1.0:1
Married (15yrs & older) 57% 58% 55%
Families w/ Kids under 18 47% 45% 43%
Speak English 82% 89% 79%
Speak Spanish 4% 4% 13%

Overview of Rochester Demographics

The population of Rochester is 117,134, with a population density of 2,107 people per square mile, diverging from the national average of 91. The median age is 35.9 and 57% of individuals aged 15 or older are married, while 47% have children under 18. As far as income equality in Rochester goes, 14% of households have a median income below $25,000, whereas 25% report an income exceeding $150,000. The Rochester demographics data can provide indispensable insights into the composition, dynamics and needs of cities, towns or even villages, empowering planners, developers and policymakers to devise strategies that foster prosperity, equity and well-being for all residents.

Rochester Racial Demographics & Ethnicity

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Rochester are 78.4% White, 8.6% Black or African American, 7.4% Asian, 0.4% American Indian and 0.1% Native Hawaiian, with 6% of the population identifying as Hispanic or Latino. Of note, 81.9% of households reported speaking English only, while 4.3% reported speaking Spanish only. Additionally, 13.5% of residents were classified as foreign-born. The Rochester racial demographics and ethnicity breakdown are essential for comprehending and addressing systemic inequities, advancing social justice and inclusion and cultivating resilient communities.

Rochester Population Density

The Rochester population density comes in at 2,107 people per square mile, which makes it one of the most densely populated areas in the country, far surpassing the national average of 91. Areas characterized by high population density often boast an abundance of amenities and services within close proximity, providing residents with convenient access to healthcare, education, cultural attractions, dining establishments, retail outlets and transportation options. This accessibility could potentially enhance residents' overall quality of life and well-being.

Why are Demographics Important?

Urban Development: Urban planners could use Rochester demographic data to design and create areas that accommodate the needs of residents, including housing, transportation and public services, while promoting sustainability and quality of life. Demographic shifts can contribute to gentrification and neighborhood change in urban or rural areas. As neighborhoods attract new residents with different income levels and lifestyle preferences, property values may rise, leading to displacement of long-time residents and changes in the character and identity of the neighborhood. Understanding population density, age distribution, household size and income levels helps inform decisions related to zoning, transportation infrastructure, housing development and public amenities. Lastly, using Rochester demographics for planning and development of affordable housing can help prevent displacement.

Policy Planning: Demographic data and statistics play a fundamental role in informing policy and decision-making processes across government entities, organizations and businesses. Through the analysis and interpretation of Rochester demographic data, policymakers, government officials, and organizational leaders can pinpoint areas of concern, allocate resources efficiently, and devise policies and initiatives tailored to the specific needs and preferences of distinct demographic groups. The utilization of demographics in Rochester can be crucial in policy planning, facilitating evidence-based decision-making, identifying key priorities, forecasting future trends, monitoring policy outcomes and advancing principles of equity and inclusion. By harnessing this data effectively, policymakers can develop policies that are targeted, effective and inclusive, thus meeting the diverse needs of communities.

Healthcare Planning: The analysis of Rochester demographics can offer insights into healthcare planning and delivery, identifying population health needs, disparities and risk factors. By understanding demographic trends, healthcare providers and policymakers can allocate resources effectively, develop prevention and intervention programs and address health inequities within communities. Through the use of demographic data and statistics, healthcare providers and policymakers aim to achieve equitable, accessible and high-quality healthcare for all individuals and communities. This proactive approach to healthcare planning ensures targeted interventions, efficient resource allocation and customized healthcare services to meet the diverse needs of populations.

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Demographics Quick Facts

  • The population density in Rochester is 2827% higher than Minnesota
  • The median age in Rochester is 5% lower than Minnesota
  • In Rochester 78.39% of the population is White
  • In Rochester 8.63% of the population is Black
  • In Rochester 7.38% of the population is Asian

Compare Rochester, MN Demographics


      Rochester racial demographics

      Race Rochester Minnesota National
      White 78.39% 84.34% 73.35%
      Black 8.63% 5.70% 12.63%
      Asian 7.38% 4.53% 5.22%
      American Indian 0.39% 1.04% 0.82%
      Native Hawaiian 0.10% 0.04% 0.18%
      Mixed race 4.03% 2.72% 3.06%
      Other race 1.09% 1.62% 4.75%
      In Rochester, 6.0% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
      Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

      Household income distribution

      Place of birth by citizenship

      Rochester age breakdown

      Marital status

      Age of children in married couples

      Source: The Rochester, MN demographics data displayed above is derived from the United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).