When considering the overall cost of living expenses in Valley Cottage, NY, it's important to take into account the sales tax for New York, as well as the rate for income tax in New York. Goods and services sold to consumers in any state have some form of sales tax. Each state has its own tax code, which means that sales tax rates vary from state to state, ranging from over 7% in some states to as low as 0% in others. The maximum surtax for New York is 8.875%, and the sales tax in the state of New York is 4%. Alternatively, the tax imposed on your income by the state government is known as income tax. The rate for this tax also varies from state to state, and your rate is affected by your tax bracket, which is determined by your level of income. Income tax rates might be as high as 9%, down to as low as 0%. The range for income tax rates in New York starts from 4% and goes up to 8.82%.