Statistic San Jose California National
Population 1,029,409 39,512,223 328,239,523
Population density (sq mi) 5,773 256 91
Median age 37.1 36.0 37.7
Male/Female ratio 1.0:1 1.0:1 1.0:1
Married (15yrs & older) 55% 52% 55%
Families w/ Kids under 18 45% 46% 43%
Speak English 42% 56% 79%
Speak Spanish 22% 29% 13%

Overview of San Jose Demographics

Understanding the demographics of San Jose is essential for gaining insights into the composition, dynamics and needs of any city, town or village. This knowledge empowers planners, developers and policymakers to strategize effectively, promoting prosperity, equity and well-being for all residents. The San Jose population is 1,029,409, with a population density of 5,773 people per square mile, diverging from the national average of 91. The median age is 37.1, and 55% of individuals aged 15 or older are married, while 45% have children under 18. As far as income equality in San Jose, 10% of households have a median income below $25,000, whereas 47% report an income exceeding $150,000, indicating a varied economic landscape within the area.

San Jose Racial Demographics & Ethnicity

The San Jose racial demographics and ethnicity breakdown serves as a critical tool for understanding and addressing systemic inequities, promoting social justice and inclusion and building stronger, more resilient communities. The racial breakdown in San Jose is 37.5% White, 2.9% Black or African American, 37.2% Asian, 0.6% American Indian and 0.5% Native Hawaiian - 31% of the population identify as Hispanic or Latino. Of all households, 42.3% reported speaking English only, while 22.1% reported speaking Spanish only. A total of 40.5% of residents were considered foreign born.

San Jose Population Density

Areas with a high population density tend to support a wide range of amenities and services within walking distance or a short commute. Residents tend to have convenient access to healthcare facilities, educational institutions, cultural venues, restaurants, shops and public transportation options, enhancing their quality of life and overall well-being. The San Jose population density is 5,773 people per square mile, which is well-above the national average of 91 and is considered one of the most densely populated cities in the country.

Why are Demographics Important?

Understanding Populations: The examination and analysis of San Jose demographic data can offer valuable insights into the composition and traits of populations, including age, gender, race, ethnicity, income, education and various socio-economic factors. This understanding is essential for addressing the varied needs, preferences, and challenges faced by different demographic groups within communities. Demographics hold significant importance in understanding populations, guiding decision-making processes and promoting equity, inclusion, and overall well-being for all individuals and communities. The San Jose population data serves as a cornerstone for addressing social, economic and environmental challenges, while also fostering the well-being and resilience of societies.

Social Cohesion: The reporting and analysis of demographics are essential for fostering social cohesion and understanding among diverse communities. By acknowledging and valuing differences in San Jose demographics, societies can champion inclusivity, diversity and social harmony while tackling social disparities and advocating for equal opportunities. Racial demographics showcase the varied makeup of a population and play a vital role in nurturing inclusive and hospitable communities. Embracing diversity bolsters social cohesion, enhances cultural comprehension and enriches society by honoring the contributions of individuals from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds.

Urban Development: By leveraging demographic data in San Jose, urban planners can tailor areas to meet the needs of any resident across housing, transportation and public services, all while fostering sustainability and elevating quality of life. Demographic changes can fuel gentrification and neighborhood transformation, whether in urban or rural settings. As neighborhoods attract newcomers with varying income levels and lifestyle preferences, property values may appreciate, potentially displacing established residents and reshaping the neighborhood's fabric. A nuanced understanding of population density, age distribution, household size and income levels is pivotal for guiding decisions on zoning, transportation infrastructure, housing development and public amenities. Utilizing the demographic data in planning and implementing affordable housing initiatives can help mitigate displacement risks and promote inclusive communities.

New Real Estate Listings in San Jose Area
Search Homes for Sale in San Jose, CA

Demographics Quick Facts

  • The population density in San Jose is 2155% higher than California
  • The median age in San Jose is 3% higher than California
  • In San Jose 37.49% of the population is White
  • In San Jose 2.94% of the population is Black
  • In San Jose 37.19% of the population is Asian

Compare San Jose, CA Demographics


      San Jose racial demographics

      Race San Jose California National
      White 37.49% 61.26% 73.35%
      Black 2.94% 5.85% 12.63%
      Asian 37.19% 13.85% 5.22%
      American Indian 0.59% 0.74% 0.82%
      Native Hawaiian 0.51% 0.39% 0.18%
      Mixed race 7.85% 4.62% 3.06%
      Other race 13.43% 13.28% 4.75%
      In San Jose, 31.0% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
      Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

      Household income distribution

      Place of birth by citizenship

      San Jose age breakdown

      Marital status

      Age of children in married couples

      Source: The San Jose, CA demographics data displayed above is derived from the United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).