Statistic Essex Maryland National
Population 39,307 6,045,680 328,239,523
Population density (sq mi) 4,245 627 91
Median age 38.4 38.3 37.7
Male/Female ratio 0.9:1 0.9:1 1.0:1
Married (15yrs & older) 50% 54% 55%
Families w/ Kids under 18 42% 44% 43%
Speak English 89% 82% 79%
Speak Spanish 5% 7% 13%

Overview of Essex Demographics

The demographics of Essex offer invaluable insights into the composition, dynamics and needs of both urban and rural areas, empowering planners, developers and policymakers to foster prosperity, equity, and well-being for all residents. With a population of 39,307, Essex exhibits a population density of 4,245 people per square mile, contrasting with the national average of 91. The median age stands at 38.4, with 50% of individuals aged 15 or older being married and 42% having children under 18. In terms of income equality in Essex, 21% of households report a median income below $25,000, while 17% report an income exceeding $150,000, showcasing a diverse economic landscape.

Essex Racial Demographics & Ethnicity

Recognizing the racial demographics and ethnicity breakdown of Essex is pivotal for addressing systemic inequities, championing social justice and inclusion and fostering resilient communities. In Essex, the racial breakdown comprises 60.5% White, 33% Black or African American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, and 0% Native Hawaiian, with 4.4% of the population identifying as Hispanic or Latino. 89.4% of households reported speaking English only, while 4.5% reported speaking Spanish only. Furthermore, 8% of residents were categorized as foreign-born.

Essex Population Density

The Essex population density comes in at 4,245 people per square mile, which makes it one of the most densely populated areas in the country, far surpassing the national average of 91. Areas characterized by high population density often boast an abundance of amenities and services within close proximity, providing residents with convenient access to healthcare, education, cultural attractions, dining establishments, retail outlets and transportation options. This accessibility could potentially enhance residents' overall quality of life and well-being.

Why are Demographics Important?

Understanding Populations: By reporting and analyzing Essex demographics, we can acquire valuable insights into the makeup and traits of populations, encompassing age, gender, race, ethnicity, income, education and various socio-economic factors. This comprehension is vital for tackling the varied needs, preferences, and obstacles encountered by different demographic groups within communities. Demographics serve a pivotal role in comprehending populations, guiding decision-making processes and advancing equity, inclusion and overall well-being for all individuals and communities. The Essex population data serves as a cornerstone for addressing social, economic and environmental challenges, while also fostering the well-being and strength of communities.

Healthcare Planning: An analysis of Essex demographics can inform healthcare planning and delivery by identifying population health needs, disparities and risk factors. Understanding demographic trends allows healthcare providers and policymakers to allocate resources effectively, develop prevention and intervention programs and address health inequities within communities. Leveraging demographic data, healthcare providers, and policymakers strive to achieve equitable, accessible, and high-quality healthcare for all individuals and communities. This proactive healthcare planning approach ensures targeted interventions, efficient resource allocation and customized healthcare services to meet the diverse needs of populations.

Social Cohesion: Reporting and analyzing demographics can play a crucial role in fostering social cohesion and understanding among diverse communities. By recognizing and appreciating differences in Essex demographics, societies can promote inclusivity, diversity and social harmony, while addressing social disparities and promoting equal opportunities for all individuals. Racial demographics reflect the diversity of a population and contribute to fostering inclusive and welcoming communities. Embracing diversity strengthens social cohesion, promotes cultural understanding and enriches the fabric of society by celebrating the contributions of individuals from different racial and ethnic backgrounds.

New Real Estate Listings in Essex Area
Search Homes for Sale in Essex, MD

Demographics Quick Facts

  • The population density in Essex is 577% higher than Maryland
  • The median age in Essex is equal to Maryland
  • In Essex 60.46% of the population is White
  • In Essex 33.05% of the population is Black
  • In Essex 1.48% of the population is Asian

Compare Essex, MD Demographics


      Essex racial demographics

      Race Essex Maryland National
      White 60.46% 57.19% 73.35%
      Black 33.05% 29.63% 12.63%
      Asian 1.48% 6.08% 5.22%
      American Indian 0.11% 0.27% 0.82%
      Native Hawaiian 0.00% 0.05% 0.18%
      Mixed race 3.34% 3.12% 3.06%
      Other race 1.56% 3.67% 4.75%
      In Essex, 4.4% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
      Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

      Household income distribution

      Place of birth by citizenship

      Essex age breakdown

      Marital status

      Age of children in married couples

      Source: The Essex, MD demographics data displayed above is derived from the United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).