Elmira, NY has a population of 28,583 and is the 1,499th largest city in the United States. The population density is 3,941 per sq mi which is 999% higher than the New York average and 4250% higher than the national average. The median age in Elmira is 34 which is approximately 12% lower than the New York average of 38. In Elmira, 40% of the population over 15 years of age are married, 96% speak English and 2% speak Spanish. 79% of Elmira residents were born in New York, 17% were born out of state, 1% were born outside of the United States and 2% were foreign born.