Statistic Columbia Tennessee National
Population 39,515 6,833,174 328,239,523
Population density (sq mi) 1,190 167 91
Median age 35.5 38.5 37.7
Male/Female ratio 0.9:1 1.0:1 1.0:1
Married (15yrs & older) 52% 57% 55%
Families w/ Kids under 18 49% 41% 43%
Speak English 91% 93% 79%
Speak Spanish 8% 4% 13%

Overview of Columbia Demographics

The population in Columbia is 39,515, while the population density is 1,190 people per square mile, contrasting with the national average of 91. The median age stands at 35.5, with 52% of individuals aged 15 or older being married and 49% having children under 18. In terms of household income equality in Columbia, 23% of households report a median income below $25,000, while 9% report an income exceeding $150,000. The Columbia demographics data can provide invaluable insight into the composition, dynamics and needs of urban and rural areas, enabling planners, developers and policymakers to strategize effectively for the promotion of prosperity, equity and well-being for all residents in the area.

Columbia Racial Demographics & Ethnicity

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia are 74.8% White, 16.7% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian and 0% Native Hawaiian, with 10.8% of the population identifying as Hispanic or Latino. Of note, 91.1% of households reported speaking English only, while 8.1% reported speaking Spanish only. Additionally, 4.6% of residents were classified as foreign-born. The Columbia racial demographics and ethnicity breakdown are essential for comprehending and addressing systemic inequities, advancing social justice and inclusion and cultivating resilient communities.

Columbia Population Density

Communities such as Columbia, with population densities higher than the average, play a significant role in promoting environmental sustainability by decreasing per capita energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and land use. Their compact urban development encourages the adoption of energy-efficient buildings, walking, cycling, and public transportation, fostering sustainable lifestyles and minimizing environmental impact. Additionally, densely populated areas tend to cultivate vibrant social and cultural scenes, fueled by a diverse population that contributes to a myriad of cultural events, festivals and community activities. This cultural diversity sparks creativity, innovation and cross-cultural exchange, enriching the social fabric of the community. Columbia has a population density of 1,190, surpassing the national average of 91 people per square mile, as it stands poised to reap the benefits of dense urban living.

Why are Demographics Important?

Understanding Populations: Reporting and analyzing the demographic data in Columbia can allow us to gain insights into the characteristics and composition of populations, including age, gender, race, ethnicity, income, education and other socio-economic factors. This understanding is essential for addressing the diverse needs, preferences and challenges of different demographic groups within communities. Demographics can play a crucial role in understanding populations, informing decision-making processes and promoting equity, inclusion, and well-being for all individuals and communities. Columbia population data serves as a foundation for addressing social, economic, and environmental challenges and promoting the well-being and resilience of societies.

Urban Development: Utilizing Columbia demographic statistics and data, urban planners can craft and develop areas that cater to local residents, encompassing housing, transportation and public services, all while emphasizing sustainability and enriching quality of life. Demographic transitions can contribute to gentrification and neighborhood evolution, whether in urban or rural environments. As neighborhoods draw in new residents with varying income levels and lifestyle preferences, property values may appreciate, potentially displacing longtime inhabitants and reshaping the neighborhood's fabric. Comprehensive insights into population density, age distribution, household size, and income levels are instrumental in guiding decisions regarding zoning, transportation infrastructure, housing expansion and public amenities. Harnessing Columbia demographic stats for planning and executing affordable housing initiatives can serve as a preventive measure against displacement.

Education Allocation: Utilizing census data like Columbia demographics can be useful in guiding education planning, as it helps identify student demographics, school enrollment trends and educational needs. This data assists schools and policymakers in allocating resources and devising effective educational programs. It serves as a vital tool for recognizing disparities in educational access and outcomes among various demographic groups, including racial and ethnic minorities, socio-economic status and students with disabilities. By disaggregating data based on demographic factors, education planners can pinpoint areas of inequity and implement targeted interventions to enhance access, support and outcomes for marginalized students. In essence, Columbia demographic statistics can play an indispensable role in education by promoting equity, bolstering student success and cultivating inclusive learning environments tailored to meet the needs of all students.

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Demographics Quick Facts

  • The population density in Columbia is 612% higher than Tennessee
  • The median age in Columbia is 8% lower than Tennessee
  • In Columbia 74.78% of the population is White
  • In Columbia 16.66% of the population is Black
  • In Columbia 0.31% of the population is Asian

Compare Columbia, TN Demographics


      Columbia racial demographics

      Race Columbia Tennessee National
      White 74.78% 77.84% 73.35%
      Black 16.66% 16.81% 12.63%
      Asian 0.31% 1.61% 5.22%
      American Indian 0.15% 0.29% 0.82%
      Native Hawaiian 0.04% 0.05% 0.18%
      Mixed race 7.13% 2.03% 3.06%
      Other race 0.94% 1.38% 4.75%
      In Columbia, 10.8% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
      Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

      Household income distribution

      Place of birth by citizenship

      Columbia age breakdown

      Marital status

      Age of children in married couples

      Source: The Columbia, TN demographics data displayed above is derived from the United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).