Statistic Abilene Texas National
Population 124,691 28,995,881 328,239,523
Population density (sq mi) 1,169 113 91
Median age 32.0 34.2 37.7
Male/Female ratio 1.1:1 1.0:1 1.0:1
Married (15yrs & older) 51% 56% 55%
Families w/ Kids under 18 44% 48% 43%
Speak English 80% 65% 79%
Speak Spanish 15% 30% 13%

Overview of Abilene Demographics

Abilene demographics provide invaluable insights into the composition, dynamics and needs of urban and rural areas, enabling them to plan, develop, and govern in ways that promote prosperity, equity and well-being for all residents. The Abilene population is 124,691 and has a population density of 1,169 people per square mile, compared to the national average of 91. The median age of all residents is 32, 51% of people 15 years of age or older are married and 44% have kids under the age of 18. In Abilene, 23% of households have a median income that is below $25,000 and 13% of households report a median income above $150,000.

Abilene Racial Demographics & Ethnicity

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Abilene are 71.1% White, 10.3% Black or African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.8% American Indian and 0% Native Hawaiian, with 27.1% of the population identifying as Hispanic or Latino. Of note, 80.5% of households reported speaking English only, while 15.3% reported speaking Spanish only. Additionally, 7.1% of residents were classified as foreign-born. The Abilene racial demographics and ethnicity breakdown are essential for comprehending and addressing systemic inequities, advancing social justice and inclusion and cultivating resilient communities.

Abilene Population Density

Areas like Abilene that have a higher than average population density tend to support environmental sustainability by reducing per capita energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and land use. Compact urban development encourages energy-efficient buildings, walking, cycling and the use of public transit, promoting sustainable lifestyles and reducing environmental impact. Densely populated areas also tend to have more vibrant social and cultural scenes, with a diverse population contributing to a wide array of cultural events, festivals and community activities. This diversity fosters creativity, innovation and cross-cultural exchange, enriching the social fabric of the community. The Abilene population density is higher than average and comes in at 1,169 people per square mile (compared to the nationwide average of 91), putting it in a position to take advantage of all the benefits of a densely populated area.

Why are Demographics Important?

Social Cohesion: The reporting and analysis of demographics are essential for fostering social cohesion and understanding among diverse communities. By acknowledging and valuing differences in Abilene demographics, societies can champion inclusivity, diversity and social harmony while tackling social disparities and advocating for equal opportunities. Racial demographics showcase the varied makeup of a population and play a vital role in nurturing inclusive and hospitable communities. Embracing diversity bolsters social cohesion, enhances cultural comprehension and enriches society by honoring the contributions of individuals from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds.

Understanding Populations: Analyzing and interpreting the Abilene demographic data provides us with valuable insights into the characteristics and composition of populations, encompassing age, gender, race, ethnicity, income, education and other socio-economic variables. This understanding is crucial for addressing the diverse needs, preferences and challenges encountered by various demographic groups within communities. Demographics play a crucial role in understanding populations, informing decision-making processes, and advancing equity, inclusion, and overall well-being for all individuals and communities. The Abilene population and demographic data serves as a foundation for addressing social, economic and environmental challenges, while also nurturing the well-being and resilience of societies.

Urban Development: Utilizing Abilene demographic statistics and data, urban planners can craft and develop areas that cater to local residents, encompassing housing, transportation and public services, all while emphasizing sustainability and enriching quality of life. Demographic transitions can contribute to gentrification and neighborhood evolution, whether in urban or rural environments. As neighborhoods draw in new residents with varying income levels and lifestyle preferences, property values may appreciate, potentially displacing longtime inhabitants and reshaping the neighborhood's fabric. Comprehensive insights into population density, age distribution, household size, and income levels are instrumental in guiding decisions regarding zoning, transportation infrastructure, housing expansion and public amenities. Harnessing Abilene demographic stats for planning and executing affordable housing initiatives can serve as a preventive measure against displacement.

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Demographics Quick Facts

  • The population density in Abilene is 934% higher than Texas
  • The median age in Abilene is 6% lower than Texas
  • In Abilene 71.07% of the population is White
  • In Abilene 10.28% of the population is Black
  • In Abilene 2.37% of the population is Asian

Compare Abilene, TX Demographics


      Abilene racial demographics

      Race Abilene Texas National
      White 71.07% 74.84% 73.35%
      Black 10.28% 11.95% 12.63%
      Asian 2.37% 4.36% 5.22%
      American Indian 0.77% 0.48% 0.82%
      Native Hawaiian 0.00% 0.08% 0.18%
      Mixed race 5.44% 2.50% 3.06%
      Other race 10.07% 5.79% 4.75%
      In Abilene, 27.1% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
      Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

      Household income distribution

      Place of birth by citizenship

      Abilene age breakdown

      Marital status

      Age of children in married couples

      Source: The Abilene, TX demographics data displayed above is derived from the United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).