Statistic Houston Texas National
Population 2,313,238 28,995,881 328,239,523
Population density (sq mi) 3,612 113 91
Median age 33.3 34.2 37.7
Male/Female ratio 1.0:1 1.0:1 1.0:1
Married (15yrs & older) 47% 56% 55%
Families w/ Kids under 18 47% 48% 43%
Speak English 52% 65% 79%
Speak Spanish 38% 30% 13%

Overview of Houston Demographics

Understanding the demographics of Houston is essential for gaining insights into the composition, dynamics and needs of any city, town or village. This knowledge empowers planners, developers and policymakers to strategize effectively, promoting prosperity, equity and well-being for all residents. The Houston population is 2,313,238, with a population density of 3,612 people per square mile, diverging from the national average of 91. The median age is 33.3, and 47% of individuals aged 15 or older are married, while 47% have children under 18. As far as income equality in Houston, 23% of households have a median income below $25,000, whereas 18% report an income exceeding $150,000, indicating a varied economic landscape within the area.

Houston Racial Demographics & Ethnicity

The Houston racial demographics and ethnicity breakdown serves as a critical tool for understanding and addressing systemic inequities, promoting social justice and inclusion and building stronger, more resilient communities. The racial breakdown in Houston is 51.5% White, 22.8% Black or African American, 6.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian and 0% Native Hawaiian - 44.5% of the population identify as Hispanic or Latino. Of all households, 51.6% reported speaking English only, while 38.2% reported speaking Spanish only. A total of 28.9% of residents were considered foreign born.

Houston Population Density

In areas with high population density, residents enjoy a wealth of amenities and services conveniently located within walking distance or a short commute. Access to healthcare facilities, educational institutions, cultural venues, dining options, retail stores and public transit enhances residents' quality of life and overall well-being. Houston has a population density of 3,612 people per square mile, which far exceeds the national average of 91 and ranks among the most densely populated cities in the country.

Why are Demographics Important?

Understanding Populations: By delving into and analyzing the Houston demographic stats, we can uncover insightful details regarding the composition and attributes of populations, spanning age, gender, race, ethnicity, income, education and other socio-economic indicators. This comprehension is vital for addressing the diverse needs, preferences and hurdles faced by various demographic groups within communities. Demographics wield significant influence in understanding populations, shaping decision-making processes and championing equity, inclusion, and the overall welfare of all individuals and communities. The Houston population and demographic data serves as a cornerstone for tackling social, economic and environmental challenges, while simultaneously nurturing the well-being and resilience of societies.

Healthcare Planning: An analysis of Houston demographics can inform healthcare planning and delivery by identifying population health needs, disparities and risk factors. Understanding demographic trends allows healthcare providers and policymakers to allocate resources effectively, develop prevention and intervention programs and address health inequities within communities. Leveraging demographic data, healthcare providers, and policymakers strive to achieve equitable, accessible, and high-quality healthcare for all individuals and communities. This proactive healthcare planning approach ensures targeted interventions, efficient resource allocation and customized healthcare services to meet the diverse needs of populations.

Social Cohesion: The examination and interpretation of demographics are pivotal for nurturing social cohesion and promoting understanding among diverse communities. By acknowledging and honoring differences in Houston demographics, societies can champion inclusivity, diversity and social cohesion while addressing social disparities and advocating for equitable opportunities. Racial demographics can potentially showcase the diversity of a population and are crucial for fostering inclusive and embracing communities. Embracing diversity fortifies social bonds, fosters cultural appreciation and enriches society by celebrating the contributions of individuals from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds.

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Demographics Quick Facts

  • The population density in Houston is 3096% higher than Texas
  • The median age in Houston is 3% lower than Texas
  • In Houston 51.54% of the population is White
  • In Houston 22.83% of the population is Black
  • In Houston 6.87% of the population is Asian

Compare Houston, TX Demographics


      Houston racial demographics

      Race Houston Texas National
      White 51.54% 74.84% 73.35%
      Black 22.83% 11.95% 12.63%
      Asian 6.87% 4.36% 5.22%
      American Indian 0.35% 0.48% 0.82%
      Native Hawaiian 0.05% 0.08% 0.18%
      Mixed race 7.02% 2.50% 3.06%
      Other race 11.35% 5.79% 4.75%
      In Houston, 44.5% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
      Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

      Household income distribution

      Place of birth by citizenship

      Houston age breakdown

      Marital status

      Age of children in married couples

      Source: The Houston, TX demographics data displayed above is derived from the United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).