Statistic Cumberland Indiana National
Population 5,840 6,732,219 328,239,523
Population density (sq mi) 2,078 188 91
Median age 33.8 37.4 37.7
Male/Female ratio 1.0:1 1.0:1 1.0:1
Married (15yrs & older) 44% 56% 55%
Families w/ Kids under 18 50% 43% 43%
Speak English 95% 92% 79%
Speak Spanish 5% 5% 13%

Overview of Cumberland Demographics

Understanding the demographics of Cumberland is essential for gaining insights into the composition, dynamics and needs of any city, town or village. This knowledge empowers planners, developers and policymakers to strategize effectively, promoting prosperity, equity and well-being for all residents. The Cumberland population is 5,840, with a population density of 2,078 people per square mile, diverging from the national average of 91. The median age is 33.8, and 44% of individuals aged 15 or older are married, while 50% have children under 18. As far as income equality in Cumberland, 7% of households have a median income below $25,000, whereas 19% report an income exceeding $150,000, indicating a varied economic landscape within the area.

Cumberland Racial Demographics & Ethnicity

The Cumberland racial demographics and ethnicity breakdown could be indispensable tools for recognizing and rectifying systemic inequities, fostering social justice and inclusion and cultivating resilient communities. In Cumberland, the racial breakdown reveals 81.9% White, 13% Black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0% American Indian and 0% Native Hawaiian, with 7.5% of the population identifying as Hispanic or Latino. Of all households, 94.7% reported speaking English only, while 5.2% reported speaking Spanish only. Moreover, 0.1% of residents were classified as foreign-born.

Cumberland Population Density

In areas with high population density, residents enjoy a wealth of amenities and services conveniently located within walking distance or a short commute. Access to healthcare facilities, educational institutions, cultural venues, dining options, retail stores and public transit enhances residents' quality of life and overall well-being. Cumberland has a population density of 2,078 people per square mile, which far exceeds the national average of 91 and ranks among the most densely populated cities in the country.

Why are Demographics Important?

Healthcare Planning: Analyzing the demographic data in Cumberland has the potential to inform healthcare planning and delivery by identifying population health needs, disparities and risk factors. Healthcare providers and policymakers can allocate resources more effectively, develop prevention and intervention programs and address health inequities within communities by understanding demographic trends. Leveraging demographic statistics can enable healthcare providers and policymakers to strive for equitable, accessible and high-quality healthcare for all individuals and communities. This proactive healthcare planning approach ensures targeted interventions, efficient resource allocation and tailored healthcare services to meet diverse population needs.

Policy Planning: Demographic data and statistics play a fundamental role in informing policy and decision-making processes across government entities, organizations and businesses. Through the analysis and interpretation of Cumberland demographic data, policymakers, government officials, and organizational leaders can pinpoint areas of concern, allocate resources efficiently, and devise policies and initiatives tailored to the specific needs and preferences of distinct demographic groups. The utilization of demographics in Cumberland can be crucial in policy planning, facilitating evidence-based decision-making, identifying key priorities, forecasting future trends, monitoring policy outcomes and advancing principles of equity and inclusion. By harnessing this data effectively, policymakers can develop policies that are targeted, effective and inclusive, thus meeting the diverse needs of communities.

Urban Development: Cumberland demographic statistics are invaluable for urban planners in designing and developing areas that cater to residents' needs, encompassing housing, transportation, and public services, all while fostering sustainability and enhancing quality of life. Shifts in demographics can influence gentrification and neighborhood transformation, whether in urban or rural settings. As neighborhoods attract new residents with varying income levels and lifestyle preferences, property values may increase, potentially displacing long-term residents and altering the neighborhood's character. Analyzing population density, age distribution, household size, and income levels is crucial for guiding decisions regarding zoning, transportation infrastructure, housing expansion and public amenities. Utilizing Cumberland demographic data in planning and executing affordable housing initiatives can serve as a preventive measure against displacement.

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Demographics Quick Facts

  • The population density in Cumberland is 1005% higher than Indiana
  • The median age in Cumberland is 10% lower than Indiana
  • In Cumberland 81.93% of the population is White
  • In Cumberland 13.00% of the population is Black
  • In Cumberland 0.07% of the population is Asian

Compare Cumberland, IN Demographics


      Cumberland racial demographics

      Race Cumberland Indiana National
      White 81.93% 83.99% 73.35%
      Black 13.00% 9.23% 12.63%
      Asian 0.07% 1.98% 5.22%
      American Indian 0.00% 0.24% 0.82%
      Native Hawaiian 0.00% 0.04% 0.18%
      Mixed race 0.33% 2.22% 3.06%
      Other race 4.67% 2.30% 4.75%
      In Cumberland, 7.5% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
      Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

      Household income distribution

      Place of birth by citizenship

      Cumberland age breakdown

      Marital status

      Age of children in married couples

      Source: The Cumberland, IN demographics data displayed above is derived from the United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).