Columbia demographics profile

Population density (sq mi)3,24047491
Median age37.538.337.7
Male/Female ratio1.0:10.9:11.0:1
Married (15yrs & older)58%54%55%
Speak English77%82%79%
Speak Spanish7%7%13%
Columbia, MD has a population of 103,439 and is the 296th largest city in the United States. The population density is 3,240 per sq mi which is 583% higher than the Maryland average and 3476% higher than the national average. The median age in Columbia is 38 which is approximately 2% lower than the Maryland average of 38. In Columbia, 58% of the population over 15 years of age are married, 77% speak English and 7% speak Spanish. 35% of Columbia residents were born in Maryland, 43% were born out of state, 3% were born outside of the United States and 19% were foreign born.

Did you know?

  • The population density in Columbia is 583% higher than Maryland.
  • The median age in Columbia is 2% lower than Maryland.
  • In Columbia 54.70% of the population is Caucasian.
  • In Columbia 26.15% of the population is African American.
  • In Columbia 12.62% of the population is Asian.

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Columbia population breakdown by race

African American26.15%29.63%12.63%
American Indian0.13%0.27%0.82%
Native Hawaiian0.09%0.05%0.18%
Mixed race4.26%3.12%3.06%
Other race2.06%3.67%4.75%
In Columbia, 8.5% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Please note: Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in any/all of the applicable race categories above.

Languages spoken

Place of birth by citizenship

Household income distribution

Source of income

Columbia age breakdown

Marital status

Age of children in married couples

Source: The Columbia, MD demographics data displayed above is derived from the 2016 United States Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS).