AreaVibes reveals the best places to live in Texas for 2016 using our Livability Score. The Livability Score for each city in Texas is calculated out of 100 from a unique algorithm based on various metrics, including: amenities, cost of living, crime, education, employment, housing and weather. Texas has a population of 25,208,897 and a population density of 96.9 people per square mile. The capital city is Austin and the largest city in Texas is Houston. To filter the results, use the dropdown options to sort by population or category.