AreaVibes reveals the best places to live in Rhode Island for 2016 using our Livability Score. The Livability Score for each city in Rhode Island is calculated out of 100 from a unique algorithm based on various metrics, including: amenities, cost of living, crime, education, employment, housing and weather. Rhode Island has a population of 1,052,471 and a population density of 679.8 people per square mile. The capital city is Providence and the largest city in Rhode Island is Providence. To filter the results, use the dropdown options to sort by population or category.