AreaVibes reveals the best places to live in Alabama for 2016 using our Livability Score. The Livability Score for each city in Alabama is calculated out of 100 from a unique algorithm based on various metrics, including: amenities, cost of living, crime, education, employment, housing and weather. Alabama has a population of 4,817,678 and a population density of 92.0 people per square mile. The capital city is Montgomery and the largest city in Alabama is Birmingham. To filter the results, use the dropdown options to sort by population or category.